Many times, for instance, during a discussion, shameful historical events of our ancestors are used like weapons to be thrown against the opponents. However, looking at the fourth paragraph of the Letter, the reality of knowledge and history in use is very different.


In order to facilitate peace, historical facts cannot be hidden. On the contrary, there are two reasons for a person to be happy knowing everything done -good or bad- by his/her forefathers and by History in general. As the first paragraph says, the first reason is: "those living today are not guilty of it" The second one is: "if history would have been different -better or worse- other people would have been born, not us". If a person is happy to live, he/she will be glad to know that what happened before his/her conception were the right conditions created for him/her to come into being.


The ontological acceptance of History is different from its ethical acceptance. Past evils "were really evils" so, "we censure and reject them and we don't want to repeat them". Ontological acceptance means accepting that said fact happened, but it doesn't imply that it is good ethically speaking because this would mean becoming an accomplice of it, even though it is a posteriori. The big difference, the great border of History is placed between what already happened and what still hasn't happened. The first is unchangeable. We don't have neither guilt nor glory. And if we are really happy of existing we could rejoice ontologically because of what happened the way it happened (on the contrary, I insist, we would not exist).

What hasn't taken place yet is still undetermined and it can still happen in one way or another. We are responsible for this and we must work along this line being as ethical as possible.


It is much more probable that each of us might not have come to exist. It is enough that our father and mother would have never met. For there was only one probablity which is, in fact, what occurred. For human reason it is easier to understand that nothing existed than to understand that something exists. How amazing to be! What a wonderful feeling it is to realize -at the same time that we certainly might not have come into being.