Mrs. María Viñas
Director of the Letter of Peace addressed to the UN Foundation
4th Delivery of the Letter of Peace addressed to the UN
Barcelona, September, 16th 2004

Madam Under Secretary General:

We would like to transmit to you our gratitude to receive us in this exceptionally scene as the World Urban Forum. We know your extremely busy schedulle, so we have prefered to write down our words which we would like to transmit to you in this ocasion.

The Letter of Peace is promoted by two Spanish institutions: the Universitas Albertiana Interdisciplinar and the Ämbito de Investigación y Difusión María Corral, after ten years of arduos working, we have create the Letter of Peace Foundation, that has as a principal goal: To increase and develop the work of promotion and research about peace and coexistence.

We would like to express to you our gratitude for the interest that the organisation of the United Nations continues to show in this initiative.

When we last presented the documentation of the Letter of Peace to the Vice-Secretary General of the UN, Madame Louise Frechette, on the 29th of October 1998 in New York, we could not have anticipated that the world, which was already passing through troubled times, would be thrown into turmoil by new and tragic events: September 11th in New York, the war in Irak, conflicts in the Middle East, the 11th of March in Madrid, or the recent events in the Beslan school in Russia. The United Nations, in its labour of promoting world peace, has suffered in the heart of its organisation serious attacks which have taken the lives of many of its collaborators. Among them, we remember with great affection Nadia Younis, who collaborated with us so closely on the occasion of our last presentation.

All of these events have generated in public opinion a sensation of helplessness and discouragement. Faced by the evil violence that besets society, we are left without logical or rational responses. At all levels - personal, family, social – or in the international sphere, it seems that events are overwhelming us. War would appear to be unshakeably in command, despite the efforts of so many people, organisations and institutions to establish peace.

The question which gave rise to the first draft of the Letter of Peace (in 1989) remains just as valid today: if the majority of people desire peace from the bottom of their hearts, why are we not capable of constructing stable and lasting peace? If we dedicate so much effort to establish peace, why is it so easily shattered? And the questions that WUF point out in his program, are also similar: How frequently is peace among citizens shattered through people’s misunderstandings or historical differences? Haw often is this a result of cultural or class differences, used as an excuse for exclusion?

In answering these, we have realised that peace and coexistence are built slowly, that they are the patient work of years and generations. That they cannot be done with quick fixes and improvised solutions, but rather that it requires finding foundations that are solid and can support social structures. The Letter of Peace Addressed to the United Nations is a document which indicates some fundamental criteria from which we can begin to construct peace. It is not the result of any religious, political or economic ideology, but rather is based on self-evident truths. The self-evident truths no one can appropriate them exclusively, because they belong to the common heritage of all humanity, as do human rights, the advancement of women or the rights of children.

We share with UN-Habitat the ideal that its imperative to find solid solutions to these challenges. The Letter of Peace that today we present to you is no a Magic Solution, but it is a starting point. It is a wellcoming open space where peoples of all places and backgrounds can converge and start a peaceful and fruitful dialogue in order to contribute to a better peaceful coexistence.

For this reason the Letter of Peace it is addressed to all the citizens of the world, and specifically to the United Nations because it is a centre for bringing together the efforts of all nations in favour of peace.

The Letter of Peace begins by saying, “Friends, most people desire peace from the bottom of their hearts”. And it ends, “without resentment, freely, self-evident truths and friendship can build peace”. Because between wishing for peace and really building it, there is a long road to travel. The Letter is a proposal of personal and social maturity, a new social way of being an adult. It makes possible a mature society that can take the step from merely wishing for peace to really building it.

Madam Under Secretary General:
We would like to tell you that we are going to organise an International Congress of the Letter of Peace. We have contacted university professors in different countries around the world with the proposal of carrying out an interdisciplinary study of the self-evident truths and the points raised by the Letter. We believe that this congress will be a great contribution to the cause of peace. In a future meeting, we hope we will be able to present you with the conclusions of this great international symposium. Together with the materials we have already presented, we think that these conclusions might be of use to the United Nations in your mission of achieving peace and coexistence between the peoples of the world.

Thank you again for having wanted to receive the fourth presentation of this document here in Barcelona, the place of origin of the Letter of Peace.

 

Mr. David Martínez
On behalf of the Institutes of Peace from the Universitas Albertiana
4th Delivery of the Letter of Peace addressed to the UN
Barcelona, September, 16th 2004

Madam Under Secretary General,

These last few years have shown once again that humanity is not omnipotent and does not have solutions for all the problems that are created in the world. The Letter of Peace Addressed to the UN states in its introduction that there are many obstacles and that it is no easy task to search for appropriate ways to achieve peace.

Many people do not want things to change. They live in a developed country with high levels of culture and well-being that they are not prepared to give up. Although they profess the contrary, they want peace as long as it does not affect their way of life or demand too much of them. Even though they recognise that injustice, poverty, underdevelopment, marginalization and the lack of resources make peace impossible, they do not commit their energy and determination to eradicating these conditions. Our world is overly passive in the real effort to achieve peace.

After more than a decade working for peace around the world, it is clear to us that peace is home-made. It is not something that is imposed from outside, like a foreign product, but rather something that must be built by you and me. Every citizen of the world must realise that they are the origin of peace and that they are who make it possible. No one may be excluded from this work; it requires the collaboration of all the individuals and groups who make up society.

The Letter of Peace begins by saying, “Friends, most people desire peace from the bottom of their hearts”. And it ends, “without resentment, freely, self-evident truths and friendship can build peace. Thank you, friends...”. Because between wishing for peace and really building it, there is a long road to travel. The Letter is like a navigational chart of forceful, self-evident truths that invite us to adopt a new way of being and behaving in the world. It is a proposal of personal and social maturity, a new social way of being an adult. It is an invitation to get rid of the certainty created by our a priori beliefs and ideologies in order to open our minds to the evidence of reality, which is the compass that can guide our work for peace. It makes possible a mature society that can take the step from merely wishing for peace to really building it.


And some of the proposals of the Letter of Peace, are:

1- The Letter of Peace creates women and men who form harmonious families and social groups, who are not trapped in sterile prejudices nor in absurd resentment. People and societies that are free of historical blame and can construct a world of peace and solidarity because they work not out of dissatisfaction or guilt, but rather out of their pleasure and joy as human beings.

2- The Letter of Peace gives rise to men and women who know themselves to be the friends and relatives of all the other people in the world. Who refuse to establish divisions between human beings on the basis of clan, ethnic group or social class. Who do not want to set into motion absurd competition driven by a false concept of bloodlines or brotherhood. People who know that their fundamental relationship is to share this existence, and that this is the best foundation on which to base solidarity and to build human structures which solidly establish peace.

3- The Letter of Peace produces education that harmoniously develops people to be free, intelligent and capable of love. Education that understands that love must arise freely and be lucid or it is not authentic. Education that builds a mode of social organisation that believes in the liberty of individuals and groups. Therefore, restricting someone’s liberty or impeding their acquisition of knowledge prevents them from valuing us, making peace between us impossible.

4- The Letter of Peace urges social institutions to accept with maturity and satisfaction that no one has an existential background that is without stain. In their origin and subsequent development there were instances of injustice that even caused wars and poverty. The Letter recommends that they acknowledge these offences and offer compensation for the damages caused.

5- The Letter of Peace trains people and groups who are enthusiastic about making unjust situations disappear from our world, to as great an extent
as possible. Individuals and groups eager to work to bring about a world more at peace. Only this enthusiasm can avoid the spread of passive attitudes and motivate others to build a peaceful society.

6- The Letter of Peace endorses a democratic society which does not fall victim to its own limitations. The Letter points the way to a sphere of human liberty yet to be proclaimed or championed by present-day democracies. The freedom to live as you see fit, not only individually but collectively, within the country itself. The Letter shows the democracies of the world a way out of the impasse in which they find themselves.

Dear Under Secretary General:
On October 29th 1998, when we where at the UN, Mrs. Louise Frechette finished her speech by saying, “You can help us to put into practice and to enrich the proposals of the General Assembly.” It is a pleasure for all of us to present you with the contents of this Letter, the result of careful consideration and thought from around the world, accompanied by the signatures and support of thousands of people and institutions. This document coincides with the Magna Carta of the United Nations. We are entrusting it to you so that you may present it to the Secretary General, and so that the UN may take on board its contents and disseminate them around the world through the bodies that form the Organisation of the United Nations. We are convinced that it will be a positive contribution to the ongoing labour of peace carried out by the UN.

Thank you.

Mrs. Axumite Gebre-Egziabher
Director, UN-HABITAT New York Office
4th Delivery of the Letter of Peace addressed to the UN
Barcelona, September, 16th 2004

Mr. Jordi Cusso, President of the Letter of Peace Foundation
Mrs. Maria Vinas, Director of the Letter of Peace Foundation
The Delegation of the Letter of Peace

I am honoured and priviledged to receive the “Letter of Peace addressed to the UN” on behalf of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Mr. Kofi Anan.

Ladies and Gentlemen,
Living together in peace has long been a cherished norm for all humanity. But the world today faces unprecedent challenges in securing the safety in the lives of its citizens.

The United Nations was founded in 1945 as an international forum for crisis management and conflict resolution, and since the hs evolved into a beacon of shining principle. The United Nations is a family of different cultures, each of which is voluntarily subordinate to the mission os the whole. In an important way, the UN has moved beyond both assimilation and multi-culturalism by defining its mission int erms of universal human need. Even in the political society that is the United Nations, where self-interest of the constituent nations flourishes, farsighted leaders have agreed that the fate of each nation depends upon an agreed definition of our common humanity. And, so, we have embarked on a collective journey to discover what makes us all human. It is our dedication to this normative mission, not the mere acceptance of the individual cultures that makes the United Nations a vibrant family –a place to work for peace and prosperity.

As you are well aware, peacemaking refers to the use of diplomatic means to persuade parties in conflict to cease hostilities and to negotiate a peaceful settlement of their dispute. As with preventive action, the United Nations can often play a role if the parties to the dispute agree that it should do so. Peacemaking thus excludes the use of force against one of the parties to enforce an end to hostilities, an activity that in United Nations parlance is referred to as “peace enforcement”.

The United Nations provides various means through which conflicts may be contained ans resolved, and their root causes addressed. The Secretary-General palys a central role in peacemaking, both personally and by dispatching special envoys or missions for specific tasks, such as negotiation or fact-finding. Under the Charter, the Secretary-General may bring to the attention of the Security Council any matter that might threaten the maintenance of international peace and security. The impartiality of the Secretary-General is one of the United Nations’ great assets. In many instances, the Secretary-General has been instrumental in averting a threat to peace or in securing a peace agreement.

Cases such as Afghanistan, Cambodia, Central America, Cyprus, the Middle East, Mozambique and Namibia reflect the many different ways the Secretary-General becomes involved as a peacemaker.

Peace-building refers to all external efforts to assist countries and regions in their transitions from war to peace, and include all activities and programmes designed to support and strengthen these transitions. The UN’s role is often centered on facilitating the implementation of a peace agreement. Effective peace-building also requires concurrent and integrated action on many different fronts: military, diplomatic, political, economic, social, humanitarian, and the many imponderables that go to make up a coherent and stable social fabric and build bridges from relief to development.

At hte heart of peace-building is the attempt to build a new and legitimate state, one which will have in future the capacity to peacefully manage disputes, protect its civilians and ensure respect for basic human rights.

For its part, UN-HABITAT, in collaboration with other UN agencies, has been supporting the reconstruction and rehabilitation programmes of Afganistán, Kosovo, Iraq, Angola, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and other parts of Sub-Saharan Africa and beyond which regrettably are still embroiled in clonflict. UN-HABITAT will continue our work in post conflict reconstruction and in the promotion of a Culture of Peace, be it in our villages, towns or cities.

Among the other key issues being addressed in the Second World Urban Forum, UN-HABITAT has initiated a series of discussions with all its partners, both to explore the dimensions of threats to human sttlements as well as addressing the manner in which we respond to crises in human sttlement. In a series of three networking events, we explore the roles of the international community, civil society, and national and local governments in re-thinking and applying Sustainable Relief, transforming disasters into opportunities for sustainable development.

I invite all the participants to participate in the discussions we have in the World Urban Forum and contribute to the discussions on permanent links between emergency relief and the transitional phase of development.

Thank you for your attention.

Mr. Francesc Bonet
Ambassador of Andorra at the UN Geneva
4th Delivery of the Letter of Peace addressed to the UN
Barcelona, September, 16th 2004

Ladies and Gentlemen,

As Andorran ambassador to the United Nations in Geneva, it is a great pleasure to be present at this act of the delivery of the Letter of Peace. Once again we can see the increasing number of adherents to the Letter of Peace, the values of wich Andorra shares completely. These underlying values are what motivated Andorra’s support for this iniciative. Peace must pass before the differences between us, that divide us, and unite us all in the goal of attaining a world where we can live better. Point 3 of the Letter of Peace says quote “Why can’t we be friends and thereby work together to build a more solidary world”. This idea, the union of people is Andorra’s reason of being, and the result has been over seven centuries of peace. The origins of this peace are the union of the signatories of the Pareatge of 1278, the treaty that signified the institutionalisation of Andorra and the end of conflicts. “Virtus Unita Fortior”, the motto which appears under the coat of arms of Andorra, clearly illustrates that to make peace we have to come together.

Andorra has a historical vocation for peace. This could be partly due to the necessity that a small State has to negociate. Andorra believes that International Law is the best way of promoting word peace. This peace that can not be attained without the full support of society and initiatives like the one we are celebrating today.

In conclusion I would like to reaffirm Andorra’s support for the Letter of Peace and congratulate its initiators for the work they have done. I would like to give a special mention to the campaign Desemvolupem la pau a Catalunya or “Lets develop peace in Catalonia”, which finished at the beginning of this year, and wich has been an exemplary exercise in the divulgation of peace. At a time when the news reminds us daily of the existing belligerence, projects that struggle to instate and perpetuate peace take on a special relevance.

Thank you very much.

Mr. Jordi Cussó
Director of the Universitas Albertiana
Commemorative reception in the Hotel Ritz Barcelona
Roger de Llúria. Barcelona, September, 16th 2004

Amigos, amigas, así empieza la Carta, y digo amigos y amigas: hoy es un día importante, o al menos es un día importante -pienso- por lo que hemos vivido, por lo que hemos hecho y sobre todo porque hemos podido entregarle de nuevo al secretario general: La Carta de la Paz.

 

No sólo el documento que ya habíamos entregado, sino todo el trabajo que se ha hecho a lo largo de estos años, todas las firmas, los testimonios, las adhesiones y sobre todo toda la reflexión que a lo largo de estos años se ha hecho en muchos lugares, en las universidades, en diferentes grupos, tertulias, espacios, seminarios, … todo esto es lo que hoy le hemos podido entregar al Secretario General. Concretamente le hemos entregado a la señora Gerber. Ella es la directora de Habitat en la oficina de las Naciones Unidas; ella es de Etiopía y nos decía, cuando ha entrado, que es una mujer que ha vivido la guerra y que siempre ha tenido un fuerte compromiso por la paz y que siempre que se trabaje por la paz, que podemos contar con ella, pedirle a ella y que siempre estaría presente. Al finalizar también me decía: la semana que viene yo estaré en Nueva York y yo misma le entregaré al señor Kofi Annan esta documentación.

Ella me preguntaba, de todo esto ¿qué es lo que le tengo que entregar?, porque me han dado tantas cosas, … Y al acabar me dice: quiero también el discurso que ha hecho porque también se lo quiero llevar, y le hemos podido dar en inglés, este discurso acaba diciendo:

"Señor Secretario General, ustedes nos ha pedido que les ayudemos en el trabajo que hacen por todo el mundo y nosotros creemos que todo lo que les hemos dicho y aportado, puede ayudarlos en su trabajo, y nosotros querríamos que esta reflexión y estos puntos, ustedes los asumiesen y los difundieran por todo el mundo. Porque creo que este es el punto clave, hasta ahora hemos ido a las Naciones Unidas y hemos tenido apoyo de muchas instituciones, hasta ahora siempre hemos ido allí llevando el trabajo que hemos hecho para que supieran lo que se estaba haciendo.

 

Y ahora hay esta primera petición concreta de decir, queremos trabajar por la paz y queremos hacerlo con ustedes. La Carta de la Paz se dirige a la ONU, se dirige a ustedes, para que ustedes la estudien, la trabajen, la difundan, porque estos puntos que aquí se dicen, enriquecerán el trabajo que se está haciendo también en todo el mundo, igual que nosotros nos enriquecemos del trabajo que se esta haciendo en todo el mundo, de todo esto." Y una cosa le hemos dicho, y que estaba en el discurso que tenían en las carpetas, que nosotros creemos que la Carta de la Paz ayudaba a construir grupos sociales adultos que vivían la paz. Todos nosotros que estamos aquí, los que trabajamos los que colaboran, los que forman parte, muchos amigos y conocidos que se mueven alrededor de esta iniciativa, que como nos decía Socías, todo empezó con el doctor Rubio allí en Xiang. Creo que la mejor contribución que podemos hacer es que nosotros seamos estos hombres y mujeres que vivan esta paz, la que nos propone estos puntos concretos que hay en este documento que hemos leído y trabajado, con los que hemos hecho talleres, conferencias, seminarios y tantos cursos.

 

Pero no se trata sólo de hacer esto, sino que nos vean a nosotros y viéndonos puedan decir que hay un cuerpo social que vive estas evidencias que la Carta de la Paz propone. Creo que es lo mejor que podemos ofrecer al mundo, porque muchas veces al mundo le podemos ofrecer muchos discursos, pero si lo ven y ven esta realidad, entenderán que la paz, entre otras muchas cosas, es una manera de ser y de estar en el mundo que apuesta la Carta, creo que tiene que poder ser la nuestra.

 

También anunciaros el deseo que hay de empezar un congreso internacional sobre la Carta de la Paz, este es el proyecto que ahora llevamos en el corazón, que está ya haciendo los primeros contactos y que deseamos vaya adelante.

Un deseo de trabajar de manera interdisciplinar los diferentes puntos por todo el mundo. Estoy convencido de que este congreso es una gran aportación a la paz del mundo, que lo que se diga y se trabaje, que las conclusiones que saquemos de este trabajo, serán una gran aportación que nosotros podemos hacer.

 

A veces hay gente que cuando hay un conflicto contribuye con personas; hay otra gente que cuando hay un conflicto contribuye con recursos, también se pueden aprobar en nuestro mundo propuestas serias y profundas que de verdad contribuyan, que si la gente las vive, aquello contribuirá a la paz. Creo que este congreso puede ser una gran aportación en nuestro mundo que no acaba de encontrar fundamento, que no acaba de encontrar la manera como consolidar esta paz, puede ser una gran apuesta y una gran aportación que es al que entre todos tendremos que ir haciendo. Y acabar con este deseo que es el mismo que nos decía Socías al empezar. El doctor Rubio hace años escribió un artículo, de estos artículo que nosotros tenemos colgados en la página Web de la Carta, por su intuición por su profundidad y porque va más allá a veces de las cosas, lo mas opuesto a la guerra -decía- no es la paz, sino que lo más opuesto a la guerra es la fiesta, lo que nosotros desearíamos ahora precisamente es poder celebrar, poder tener este rato de gozo.

 

Que sea una manera de gozar esta paz que hoy hemos proclamado, que hoy hemos entregado, que queremos seguir trabajando, que queremos seguir haciendo presente en el mundo y que de verdad este grupo que estamos aquí y muchos otros que no están aquí, pero este gran cuerpo social que vamos formando, sean hombres y mujeres de paz que viven en la fiesta y que viendo esta fiesta que vivimos, el mundo entienda que es posible la paz.

 

Muchas gracias.

 

Mr. Josep Lluís Socías
Co-autor of the Letter of Peace addressed to the UN
Commemorative reception in the Hotel Ritz Barcelona
Roger de Llúria. Barcelona, September, 16th 2004

Después de entregar por cuarta vez a las Naciones Unidas la Carta de la Paz, que ha sido un acto impresionante, agradable armónico, ahora queremos que sea un acto también festivo y así encontrarnos para celebrar este momento importante de la Carta de la Paz.

 

Haremos como tres apartados, en el primero habrán unos parlamentos, después un aperitivo y acabaremos con un brindis, así iniciamos este acto. Es un acto que tiene mucha historia, son muchos años trabajando en la Carta de la Paz. Hace pocos días estuve en el Forum y pude ver aquellas figuras de Xiang: hace muchos años que con el doctor Rubio estuvimos en Xiang y vimos estas figuras de terracota cuando todavía no eran famosas en el mundo entero y quedamos muy impresionados de verlas en el lugar que estaban. Verlas ahora de nuevo aquí en el Forum, nos lleva al recuerdo de aquel momento en el que se pensó el inicio de la Carta de la Paz.

 

Una Carta de la Paz que ha ido evolucionando y que en un momento dado pudimos entregar al secretario general de las Naciones Unidas, y hoy en esta cuarta entrega, nos alegramos de compartir y festejarlo todos juntos.

Primero damos la palabra a dos personas para que nos hagan esta presentación y en los parlamentos se hable de este hecho histórico. Primero nos habla Jordi Cussó dándonos la bienvenida.
 

Mr. Josep Mª Forcada
President of the Ámbito María Corral de Investigación y Difusión
Commemorative reception in the Hotel Ritz Barcelona
Roger de Llúria. Barcelona, September, 16th 2004

Cuando habéis dicho que se escribió la Carta de la Paz en Xiang, Xiang quiere decir puerta de la paz, puerta de la paz que casualidad, y la Carta de la Paz es una puerta para la paz, una puerta abierta que nos hace entender, como nos decía Jordi, esta manera de ser, un estilo de ser, diferente nuevo.

 

Muchas guerras se ha hecho para imponer la paz, qué absurdo qué cosa mas extraña, qué cinismo, cuando precisamente toda guerra supone un dominar conquistar, llevarte felicidad, llevarte alegría, llevarte muchas realidades que tenían una entidad, y para poseerlas, por querer hacer un bien, pues quizás muchas veces haces muchos disparates. El paso que da la carta de la Paz es para que entendamos que no es suficiente con hacer gestos de romper las armas, que no es suficiente vivir lo que llamamos a veces la no violencia, que también son modos de paz. La Carta de la Paz va más allá, es un modo de ser decisivo y valiente que crea incomprensión, es posible que a alguien le parezca que es una especie de filosofía, no lo es, son unas evidencias, como nos recordaba el doctor Rubio, que a veces cerramos los ojos porque es mas cómodo pasar de largo por estas evidencias que penetran nuestra vida.

La Carta de la Paz habla a cada ciudadano y les dice que todo el mundo puede adoptar un estilo de ser utilizando la inteligencia los sentimientos, no para conseguir unos sistemas de vida mas o menos resignados, que en el fondo evocan una extraña tranquilidad o utilizan quizás la inteligencia para hacernos fuertes de cara a conseguir una gran disciplina de la no violencia, es probable que sea positivo pero no es suficiente.

La Carta de la Paz nos pide no construir un ser humano lleno de utopías, desde la realidad del ser, siendo realistas y redescubriendo que el ser humano es un individuo lleno de libertad y esta libertad tenemos que aceptarla, reconocerla y tenemos que acercarnos y ver que detrás de esta libertad humana, hay una dignidad de la persona, que siente que ama que sufre que se alegra, y nos invita a ser adultos frente a esta amistad esta relación.

Cuando pensamos en la guerra, pensamos que es una de las formas mas infantil de responder con unas extrañas maneras en las que la inteligencia queda atrás y lleva a la persona a una toda una serie de actitudes que lo que hacen es llevarse -diría- los valores mas íntimos que puede tener una persona, valores como la convivencia, la entrega, valores del ser social.

 

Con la guerra se destrozan peonzas, se destrozan ambientes y también la intimidad y la belleza, desde esta Carta queremos clamar por esta que hay en el trato digno humano noble sensato, que toda persona madura tiene que saber llevar a cabo. Es muy fácil delante de la guerra culpabilizar a otro, eres tu que has empezado primero, se suele decir, o yo empiezo primero para resolverlo antes o hacerlo mas bien hecho, o bien yo miro de mantenerme al margen y hacer ver que no he sido yo. Cuantas guerras son así, cuantas guerras utilizan las personas, utilizan los sentimientos de las personas, los sentimientos de patria, los sentimientos de tierra para cambiar una realidad a través del engaño.

Es posible que la Carta nos enseñe a amar al individuo la persona, a la sociedad, a los grupos humanos, a la tierra donde uno vive, y amarla con la dignidad que sabemos que es protagonista de cada instante de la vida la persona humana.

 

Es terrible cuando la injusticia se transforma en violencia y es terrible cuando esta violencia mucha gente la explica y mucha gente casi se divierte fotografiándola y mirándola como un espectador lejano que le parece estar viendo una película en la que el no tiene nada que ver, todos tenemos algo que ver en cualquier momento duro y violento del mundo. Es posible que no tengamos una voz para gritar, la Carta de la Paz es un clamor, un clamor fuerte que seguro no lo entiende ni lo oye todo el mundo, seguramente alguno pensará que es aquel tipo de filosofía que seria como "palabras que se lleva el viento" . Cuando hicimos la Carta de los Derechos Humanos en el año 1948, que la ONU la asumió, aquella Carta parecía que era como una utopía, la pensaron unos filósofos, la pensaron unos políticos, la pensó gente a la que se encargó que trabajaran, aquellos 30 puntos que eran necesarios para mantener la dignidad humana. Aun hoy muchos no se los creen, muchos les parece aun hoy, que hay demasiada utopía, pero se sabe que un país que no está dispuesto a aceptar esta Carta, no tiene derecho a entrar en la ONU, los derechos humanos hoy nos llegan a toda persona que cree en la persona. Y nosotros en esta Carta, queremos dar un paso mas y un paso con el que intentamos ayudar a descubrir que la libertad humana no es una cosa mas o menos controlable, que se puede mas o menos explicar, que se puede hacer un tipo de filosofía, es una realidad en la que se implica la persona, toda la persona.

 

Y esta libertad hace que tu respetes la persona y esta libertad hace que tu seas capaz de entender que mas allá de la piel humana, hay muchos sentimientos hay muchas cosas que hay que tener en cuenta.

Nosotros creemos que aquella Carta de los Derechos Humanos, concede derechos fundamentales de la persona, también es un derecho fundamental de la persona el derecho de la paz, y tenemos que dar unas pistas y las damos en esta Carta, y Alfredo Rubio cuando las descubrió inventó sintió y vivió mas que nadie, nos proponía que no nos parásemos delante de la persona y la hiciéramos como un fósil, cosa que se suele hacer muchas veces.

La persona está viva, la persona necesita que se le conceda esta por ejemplo libertad que decíamos, se le conceda que esté vacía de orgullo, vacía de vanidad, que esté vacía de prepotencias, intentemos sacar estos obstáculos para aceptar entender y convivir con los otros respetando las diferencias.

 

Sin querer dominar, sin luchar con extrañas actitudes de prepotencia o poder, este poder con que tantas veces nosotros nos tropezamos, estos resentimientos que muchas veces no sabemos de donde nos vienen, pero los fomentamos y los fomentamos ya sea con canciones, o con formas de entender, bromas, ironías, y así mantenemos unos extraños fuegos que solo sirven para quemar. La Carta de la Paz es un bálsamo para que nunca haya este ardor extraño en las personas, para que vivamos estos nuevos derechos de paz, unos derechos que son vida, la paz es la expresión mas sublime de la vida, es el canto a la vida.

 

Cuantas veces nosotros lloramos, porque no tenemos aquellas personas con las que querríamos vivir, porque ya no están, que este llanto que además se añade porque ha habido alguien que se ha creído con poder por encima del otro o que tenia derechos sobre la vida del otro o que tenía derechos para abusar de la vida del otro, cuantas veces no hemos entendido que este es el delito mas terrible contra la paz.

 

Y desde este canto de la Carta, proponemos dar este paso, un paso de ciudadanía, la ciudadanía del que sabe que se tiene que sumergir en una nueva madurez humana que respete la libertad del ser humano desde la amistad.

La Carta de la Paz trata de amigos como nos lo ha dicho Jordi Cussó, la carta de la Paz es para que estos amigos tengan vida, hagan vida, creen una vida en al que la amistad sea este diálogo de hermanos. Y cuando recordamos aquella expresión tan suya de Alfredo Rubio, no hay nada mas grande que saber que yo soy hermano tuyo, porque existes, y en esta existencia en esta hermandad de sentirte existente como tu y tu y tu, es seguramente el delicado tesoro que yo tengo que tener siempre muy presente. No hay nada mas grande que sentirte existente en ti y en ti y en ti, porque somos los que podemos vivir y vivir suficientemente (o bastante) bien.

Mrs. Anna Kajumulo Tibaijuka
Under Secretary-General of the United Nations, and Executive Director of UN-HABITAT
en el recinto del Forum, 16 de setiembre de 2004

I was requested by the Secretary-General, Mr. Koffi Annan, indeed to receive this Letter of Peace addressd to the UN, which I will handing over to him next week in New York. I am happy to receive it here, in Barcelona, on ocasion of the World Urban Forum; because this also now it becames a part of our World Urban Forum. The Secretary-General ask me to tell you that, of course, he is very much supporting you for this inciative. Because that is the work of the UN. I will gave you a copy of my speech at the Opening Ceremony here in Barcelona, where I explain what is the United Nations. The UN has ordinary two mission: peace and properity. That’s all. It was an Organisation which it was founded not so much by governemts, but by civil society, in San Francisco in 1945, because of the 2n World War; when people said: enough, it is enough! we want peace and prosperity for all. That’s why the Charta of the United Nations said: “we the people”, and it does not said we the governemts. It said’s “we the people” Because there was clearfished at the start of the 2n War that if you don’t have the people, you cannot have peace. It was also clear, that if you don’t have prosperity, you cannot mantain peace. The United Nations was founded in this spirit of this Letter. I think it is also about time to have people of good will, like you, remaining us and keeping us focussed on the mission.

 

There are some people that think that the UN are not necesary. Those are people that are forgoten that peace and properity are necesary.
For me, this is a very inspiring incitive, that you are bringing me today. It is something that starting long time but it is a challenge: peace and prosperity are ideals, and like all ideals there are strugles. They don’t have cheap or clean “plato”.

 

Your have to have people who are commited to peace and prosperity. The World Urban Forum has also been working on peace. That’s why in my statement I have a lot of peace and prosperity. Because we are looking at cities, “direct” Barcelona, called the cross roads for cultural integration and inclusion. Because it is in the city that people like sugar and water start mixing. So now you need a spoon which you make sure that there is integration. And culture is the medium, is the water, where this sugar has to mixe: Culture! I talked about the culture of peace. And the Culture of Peace is born from a vision to know that we are diferent but we are equal. That we are diferent because we need this diferences; but that we have to find the diferences should become a social strenght rather than division. Because, in the end, even the hands are diferent. Every finger is unique, and if you think it is irrelevant, catch and you will see what will happend to your hand.

I like to said to you again thank you very much, Mr. chairman, and once again, I wish I had time to come, I had to ask Axumite to come and meet your membership, and I will bring this Letter of Peace to the Secretary-General himself, and also to my other collegues in the UN system. And I will also be informing them, because as you know we are many agencies. For me, I am working in Urban development, that’s Habitat agency, others are working on health, other are working on peacekeeping.

 

I would like to take this oportunity to give my condolences for the bombings which happened in Madrid. Were Spain suffered, but also I am sure that most of the civil society of Spain and the Government of Spain has also contribute to this peace project.

 

So thank you very much. I forward to be engable to see you. I wish you all the best in this Conference which you will organize, and I look forward to hear out come. Tank you very much.

Mrs. María Viñas
Director of the Letter of Peace addressed to the UN Foundation
Entrevista con la SubSecretaria General de la ONU,
Sra. Anna Tibaijuka en el recinto del Forum

Madam Under Secretary General,

We would like to transmit to you our gratitude to receive us in this exceptionally scene as the World Urban Forum.
We know your extremely busy schedulle, so we have prefered to write down our words which we would like to transmit to you in this ocasion.

The Letter of Peace is promoted by two Spanish institutions: the Universitas Albertiana Interdisciplinar and the Ämbito de Investigación y Difusión María Corral, after ten years of arduos working, we have create the Letter of Peace Foundation, that has as a principal goal: To increase and develop the work of promotion and research about peace and coexistence.

 

We would like to express to you our gratitude for the interest that the organisation of the United Nations continues to show in this initiative.

When we last presented the documentation of the Letter of Peace to the Vice-Secretary General of the UN, Madame Louise Frechette, on the 29th of October 1998 in New York, we could not have anticipated that the world, which was already passing through troubled times, would be thrown into turmoil by new and tragic events: September 11th in New York, the war in Irak, conflicts in the Middle East, the 11th of March in Madrid, or the recent events in the Beslan school in Russia. The United Nations, in its labour of promoting world peace, has suffered in the heart of its organisation serious attacks which have taken the lives of many of its collaborators. Among them, we remember with great affection Nadia Younis, who collaborated with us so closely on the occasion of our last presentation.

 

All of these events have generated in public opinion a sensation of helplessness and discouragement. Faced by the evil violence that besets society, we are left without logical or rational responses. At all levels - personal, family, social – or in the international sphere, it seems that events are overwhelming us. War would appear to be unshakeably in command, despite the efforts of so many people, organisations and institutions to establish peace.

The question which gave rise to the first draft of the Letter of Peace (in 1989) remains just as valid today: if the majority of people desire peace from the bottom of their hearts, why are we not capable of constructing stable and lasting peace? If we dedicate so much effort to establish peace, why is it so easily shattered?
And the questions that WUF point out in his program, are also similar:

 

How frequently is peace among citizens shattered through people’s misunderstandings or historical differences?
Haw often is this a result of cultural or class differences, used as an excuse for exclusion?

In answering these, we have realised that peace and coexistence are built slowly, that they are the patient work of years and generations. That they cannot be done with quick fixes and improvised solutions, but rather that it requires finding foundations that are solid and can support social structures. The Letter of Peace Addressed to the United Nations is a document which indicates some fundamental criteria from which we can begin to construct peace. It is not the result of any religious, political or economic ideology, but rather is based on self-evident truths. The self-evident truths no one can appropriate them exclusively, because they belong to the common heritage of all humanity, as do human rights, the advancement of women or the rights of children.

We share with UN-Habitat the ideal that its imperative to find solid solutions to these challenges. The Letter of Peace that today we present to you is no a Magic Solution, but it is a starting point. It is a wellcoming open space where peoples of all places and backgrounds can converge and start a peaceful and fruitful dialogue in order to contribute to a better peaceful coexistence.

 

For this reason the Letter of Peace it is addressed to all the citizens of the world, and specifically to the United Nations because it is a centre for bringing together the efforts of all nations in favour of peace. The Letter of Peace begins by saying, “Friends, most people desire peace from the bottom of their hearts”. And it ends, “without resentment, freely, self-evident truths and friendship can build peace”. Because between wishing for peace and really building it, there is a long road to travel. The Letter is a proposal of personal and social maturity, a new social way of being an adult. It makes possible a mature society that can take the step from merely wishing for peace to really building it.

 

Madam Under Secretary General:
We would like to tell you that we are going to organise an International Congress of the Letter of Peace. We have contacted university professors in different countries around the world with the proposal of carrying out an interdisciplinary study of the self-evident truths and the points raised by the Letter. We believe that this congress will be a great contribution to the cause of peace. In a future meeting, we hope we will be able to present you with the conclusions of this great international symposium. Together with the materials we have already presented, we think that these conclusions might be of use to the United Nations in your mission of achieving peace and coexistence between the peoples of the world.

Thank you again for having wanted to receive the fourth presentation of this document here in Barcelona, the place of origin of the Letter of Peace.